It's easy now! Try delicious recipes for garam masala, zaatar, curry powder, and more
1.Panch phoron: “Five spices” in Bengali
Popular in: Northeast India and Bangladesh.
The blend: Five seeds: cumin, fennel, fenugreek, brown mustard, and nigella.
Flavors: Bittersweet and licorice-y.
How to use it: Pop briefly in hot ghee or oil to release flavors; don’t scorch, or seeds will get bitter. You can also simmer it in a dal or chicken-vegetable stew, knead into bread dough, season marinades for roasted meats, or sauté with sliced cabbage.
Baked in a very hot oven, the sauce reduces until the panch phoron seeds cling to the chicken and vegetables in chewy nubbins.
Recipe: Bengali Five-Spice Roasted Chicken and Vegetables
“Hot spice mixture” in Hindi
Popular in: Northern India.
The blend: Coriander, pepper, cumin, green and sometimes black cardamom, cinnamon, cloves, bay leaves, nutmeg or mace, and ginger—the exact combo can vary.
Flavors: Warm and earthy, with a hint of sweetness.
How to use it: Sizzle garam masala in oil to release its aroma. Then, add it early in cooking for a mellow taste to something like samosas. You can also add it just before serving to brighten flavors: Swirl into chicken curry, or drizzle over pan-fried paneer (fresh Indian cheese).
Spiced Potato and Cauliflower Samosas
Here’s our busy cook’s take on a favorite appetizer, baked instead of fried, and with purchased dough instead of homemade.
Recipe: Spiced Potato and Cauliflower Samosas
“Thyme” in Arabic
Popular in: The Middle East into Turkey and North Africa.
The blend: The two basic styles are green (aka Israeli), made with thyme—alone, or with other herbs—plus sesame seeds; and red (aka Syrian), adding zingy sumac, cumin, and coriander.
Flavors: Pungently herbaceous, nutty, and sometimes tart.
How to use it: Sprinkle over bread before baking, pat onto chicken or salmon before grilling, or whisk into vinaigrette for green salad.
“Four spices” in French
Popular in: France.
The blend: White or black peppercorns, cloves, ginger, and nutmeg.
Flavors: Gingerbread spices with a grown-up pepper kick.
How to use it: Sprinkle over sautéed pork chops and apples, blend into meat loaf (quatre épices is traditionally used in pâtés and other charcuterie), or simmer in chicken stew.
French four-spice cake with browned butter spice frosting
This cake starts out tasting like citrus and sweet spices, then builds to a gentle pepper glow if the quatre épices is made with white pepper, or a good kick if it’s based on black pepper.
Recipe: French Four-Spice Cake with Browned Butter Spice Frosting
“Spices” in Arabic
Popular in: The Middle East into Turkey.
The blend: Allspice, pepper, cinnamon, coriander, nutmeg, cloves, and sometimes cardamom, cumin, and paprika. The Turkish version throws in mint and savory.
Flavors: Sweet, peppery hot, and tongue-tingling.
How to use it: Rub over lamb or beef kebabs, stir it into stews, lentils, or pilafs, simmer it with a pan of okra, or sprinkle into tomato sauce or meatballs.
Stuffed Kabocha Squash with Arabic Lamb Stew
The sweet spices in baharat make this lamb stew perfect for autumn.
Recipe: Stuffed Kabocha Squash with Arabic Lamb Stew
This exotic Moroccan blend varies from one maker or shop owner to another, sometimes containing more than 20 peppery, sweet,
and pungent spices. Try it with meats, tagines, soups, and couscous.
Recipe: Moroccan Spiced Lamb Meatballs
This familiar grocery store staple is a blend of many Indian spices, including turmeric, cumin, coriander, fenugreek, mustard,
and ginger. Madras style is generally hotter. Use curry to give a golden glow and earthy flavor to meat and vegetable dishes,
scrambled eggs, rice dishes, even cookies.
Recipe: Yogurt-Marinated Chicken Kebabs with Israeli Couscous
Ethiopian and Eritrean cooks use this fiery mixture, which usually contains chiles, ginger, and cloves, among other spices,
to season wats, or stews, made of lentils, meats, and vegetables.
Note: A generous dose of cayenne gives this stew a lively heat. If you prefer milder spice, reduce the amount to 1 or 2 teaspoons.
Recipe: Beef Stew in Spicy Berbere Sauce
Where to buy spices
Get them at grocery stores, online, and at specialty shops (exact selection varies)