Quick facts and care essentials
• Deciduous or evergreen
• Climate zones vary
• Full sun
• Water needs vary
• Growth rate varies
Among the oaks are some of our most treasured large shade trees. But not all oaks are large; you’ll find small and medium-size sorts as well. Many (but not all) have the typical lobed leaves; all produce acorns. In general, oaks grow best in deep soil that provides the anchorage their root systems need. A few widely adapted oaks are listed here.
Scarlet oak (Q. coccinea). Zones 2-24, 31-41. Deciduous. Grows at a moderate to fast rate, reaching 60 to 80 feet tall, 40 to 50 feet wide. It has a high, light, open-branching habit and deep roots–features that make it a good choice for a lawn or garden tree. Bright green, 3- to 6-inch-long leaves turn scarlet where autumn weather is cold. Give moderate water.