Steven Gunther

Varieties of giant palms

Sharon Cohoon

These palms grow to more than 60 feet tall. Use them on large properties.

Bismark palm  (Bismarckia nobilis). Very large, full crown with fan-shaped leaves, which are gray-blue, stiff textured. Its broad canopy needs room to spread. Moderately fast grower to 30-60 ft. Hardy to 28°. Zones 13, 21-24.

Canary Island date palm  (Phoenix canariensis). Trunk is massive (to 3 ft. across) with a 40-ft.-wide crown at maturity. Leaves are dark green, feather shaped. Drought tolerant. Slow to establish a trunk, then grows moderately to 60 ft. Hardy to 20°. Zones 9, 12-24, H1, H2.

Date palm  (Phoenix dactylifera). Wide crown of stiff, gray-green, feather-shaped leaves atop a slender trunk. Multistemmed when young. Drought tolerant. Moderately fast grower to 80 ft. Hardy to 15°. Zones 9, 12-24, H1, H2.

Mexican fan palm  (Washingtonia robusta). Tall, slender trunk with compact crown, dark green leaves. Drought tolerant. Grows quickly to 100 ft. Hardy to 20°. Zones 8, 9, 10 (warmer parts), 11-24, H1, H2. California fan palm (W. filifera) has a thicker trunk, grows to only 60 ft., and is slightly hardier.

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