How to plant a lush living wall

Create a living wall in 3 basic steps

Garden plant wall
Photo: Jennifer Cheung

There’s no need to stick to the expected succulents when planting a living wall.

San Diego landscape designer Amelia B. Lima (858/243-4470), inspired after seeing one of Patrick Blanc’s vertical gardens in Paris, hatched a plan to try his technique at home.

One purpose of soil is to support roots, Lima says―if you create another way to hold them up, you could even plant shrubs. Along a 40-foot wall, she built a 7-foot frame fronted by marine plywood and corrugated plastic ( She stapled on two layers of synthetic Tuf-Felt (, cutting slits in the outer layer, then slipped in and stapled down 400 plants.

Now her sideyard is a jungle of ferns, bromeliads, coral bells, spider plants, and elephant ears.

How to get the look:

You’ll need patience, time, and a frost-free climate to get this look. Or try one of these three plantings in temperate climates―even indoors.

1.  Set a row of small-leafed vines in pots on top of a wall and let them cascade at will. Good trailers: rosary vine (Ceropegia linearis woodii), string of pearls (Senecio rowleyanus), and English ivy (note: it’s considered a noxious weed in the Northwest).

2.  Attach tillandsias (air plants) directly to a wall―they don’t need soil―using a waterproof adhesive like Tilly Tacker (

3.  Hang Neoregelia (a bromeliad forgiving of heat and light frost) on a wall. Wrap each plant’s rootball, including soil, in sphagnum moss held in place with a wrapper of bird netting, then staple to a grapewood or cork oak bark base.

Pictured: $4,825 for Wall Materials AND Watering System

1 of 1

Most Popular

  1. Top 22 dog-friendly vacations

    You can take your best pal with you on these getaways around the West
  2. 10 raised bed garden ideas
  3. 20 favorite perennial flowers
  4. 10 ways to redecorate with paint
  5. 40 ideas for patios