Bees need five things:
1. Sun, or afternoon shade if your weather is hot.
2. Access to fresh water near the hive. Use a large plant saucer with stones in the center for the bees to land on and refresh the water daily.
3. Protection from wind, which can blow rain (or snow) into the hive, making it harder for the bees to keep the hive warm.
4. Bees need privacy. Don’t put the hives near high-traffic areas, play areas, swimming pools, or pet areas. Give each hive plenty of space—50 feet from high-traffic areas is ideal, but if space is limited, position the hive so the entrance is near a tall fence or hedge. This will force their flight path overhead to minimize contact with people and pets. Screening them from view will also keep bees and people happy.
5. Face hives south and keep them off the ground to protect them from dampness and critters.