Ultimate garden checklist

What to do in your garden by month

March

What to do in your Southwest garden in March

Dwarf citrus tree

Organic Meyer lemon tree.

University of California, Riverside, citrus variety collection

Click to Enlarge

Garden Checklist Map Southwest
Enlarge

  • How to build a raised bed for the garden

    The perfect raised bed

    A nice, big planting box is just the thing for summer veggies, herbs, and flowers. See how to make it in five simple steps

    more
  • Sowing seeds in containers

    How to start seeds indoors

    Starting crops from seed is a satisfying and economical way to grow your own plants, flowers, and veggies. Here's our getting-started guide

    more

Plant 

Midmonth or after the average last frost for your area is the best time of year to plant citrus in Sunset climate zones 12-–13. Consider unusual and tough trees such as ‘Improved Meyer’ lemon, ‘Marrs’ sweet orange, ‘Melogold’ grapefruit, ‘Minneola’ tangelo, and ‘Nagami’ kumquat.

Opt for seed-grown ocotillos (Fouquieria splendens) in zones 11–13 that are rooted in containers, since they’re much easier to establish than wild-collected plants. They’re typically available in 5-gallon pots and 16-inch boxes, and range in height from 3 to 6 feet. Shop for seed-grown ocotillos at nurseries that sell native plants.

Start veggies in zone 10. Outside, sow seeds of broccoli, cabbage, carrots, cauliflower, lettuce, radishes, and spinach. Indoors, start seeds of eggplant, peppers, and tomatoes for transplanting in six weeks. In zones 11–13, sow seeds of cucumbers, jicama, melons, okra, summer and winter squash, and sweet corn. Near month’s end, set out transplants of artichokes, peppers, and tomatoes.

Try a native verbena in zones 2–3b, 10–12. For a low-growing perennial native that produces lavender-pink flowers all summer, grow ‘Annie’ verbena. Unlike more tropical verbenas, ‘Annie’ is solidly cold-hardy even in Flagstaff and Santa Fe. For a fetching pink and gold combination, combine it with prairie zinnia (Z. grandiflora).

Use a showy grass in zones 10–13. Plant Muhlenbergia lindheimeri ‘Autumn Glow’, a bold, tall ornamental grass with blue-green leaves and elegant yellow flower spikes in fall. This native of Texas and Mexico is excellent at the back of borders or mixed with other tall perennials such as penstemon. Give it enough room to achieve its full and glorious 5- by 5-foot stature. Available at nurseries that carry native and low-water-use plants.

Maintain

Divide agaves. For agaves that reproduce by offsets, or pups (small versions of the plant that pop up next to the mother plant), dig up the offsets, let the roots callus in a shaded spot for a few days, and replant in pots or in the ground.

Give established plants a dose of a balanced organic fertilizer this month. Feed fruit and ornamental trees, shrubs, lawns, groundcovers, perennials, and annuals.

Prune frost-tender shrubs in zones 11–13. At the end of the month, or after any chance of frost is past, prune off frost-damaged foliage and branches from bougainvillea, dalea, lantana, oleander, and other tender shrubs.

As temperatures warm, adjust your irrigation schedule accordingly. Citrus and other fruit trees need water every 10 to 14 days.

Page 1

Advertisement

Insider Guides

Places We Love!
Enchantment Resort
For a most soothing Sedona experience, tuck yourself...