Gophers tunnel through the ground to eat tender bulbs and shoots. Here's how to keep them from dining on your garden's most promising nuggets.
Use wire baskets. Place a wire basket in the planting hole, add a layer of soil, then add bulbs. Cover the bulbs and the basket with soil.
Use a regular hanging basket, or buy a chicken-wire pouch sold at nurseries for lining planting holes.
Use hardware cloth. Line the bottoms of raised beds with barriers of hardware cloth; bend its edges up inside the frame as shown.